The Levada dos Maroços takes you along the valley of Machico, the first city to be discovered in 1419 by Tristão Vaz Teixeira and João Gonçalves Zarco. Discover the fantastic views over the city of Machico (in the past was the first capital of Madeira Island) and get to know the famous "Poios Madeirenses" (agricultural terraces).You may be lucky enough to taste some of the fresh fruit that some farmers sell along the Levada and grow very faster in the tropical climate. After the tour we will stop in a place in order to see the wonderful views over the city and the bay of Machico
The trail follows S. Lourenço Point, the eastern-most peninsula of Madeira island, named after the caravel sailed by João Gonçalves de Zarco, one of the three discoverers of Madeira island, who on coming near this piece of land shouted to his ship “São Lourenço, that’s enough!”.This peninsula is volcanic in origin, and is mainly made of basalt, although there are also some limestone sediment formations. At the end of the Point there are two islets: the Cevada, Metade or Desembarcadouro Islet, and the S. Lourenço Point, Farol or Fora Islet. The stone partition marks where the Regional government’s land begins, and is part of the Madeira Natural Park. The peninsula is classified as a partial natural reserve and the Desembarcadouro Islet is a total natural reserve. All the land and sea by the North coast, up to a depth of 50m, is part of the European network of important community sites - Natura 2000
Our sailboat tour departs from Marina da Glória, passing through the following points: Flamengo Beach; Urca beach; São João Fort; Lage Fort; Santa Cruz Fort; Vermelha Beach; Leme beach until arriving in Copacabana, where we stop for a refreshing dip. On the way back, we can see Cotunduba Island. And inside Guanabara Bay, in Niterói city, we see Contemporary Art Museum - MAC, a work of renowned architect Oscar Niemeyer, in the peculiar format of a flying saucer. Then we return to Marina da Glória. When the sea is big and agitated, the script changes for safety measures. In this case, the sailboat departs from Marina da Glória, following the same route to the fortress, but without leaving Guanabara Bay. So, we take a ride along Niterói coast, passing through Saco de São Francisco; Icaraí; Contemporary Art Museum (MAC) and return to Rio through the City Center until arriving at Marina da Glória
Begin the 12-hour tour with a drive from Rio de Janeiro to the city of Armação dos Buzios, located on a peninsula on the north coast of Rio de Janeiro.Arriving in Buzios, take a boat (schooner) ride through some of the best beaches in the region. Visit the beaches of João Fernandes, Ilha Feia (Ugly Island) and Praia da Tartaruga (Turtle Beach), with stops for diving.After the boat trip, stroll along Orla Bardot, where you will find the statue of Brigitte Bardot, renowned French actress who in 1964 escaped the paparazzi and went on vacation in the city. Then, enjoy a delicious lunch at a buffet restaurant. After lunch, use your free time exploring the charming Rua das Pedras (Stone Street) - the most famous street in Buzios - and its shops, bars and restaurantsAdmire the charming and bucolic atmosphere of a former fishing village that has adopted tourism as one of its main activities and has become one of the most visited cities in Brazil.Return to Rio de Janeiro.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! João Gonçalves Zarco (Portugal, c. 1390 - Funchal, November 21, 1471) was a Portuguese explorer who established settlements and recognition of the Madeira Islands, and was appointed first captain of Funchal by Henry the Navigator. Zarco was a soldier of Portuguese and Marrano origin. He was a knight at the service of Prince Henry the Navigator's household. In his service still at a young age Zarco commanded the caravels guarding the coast of Algarve from the incursions of the Moors, was at the conquest of Ceuta, and later led the caravels that recognized the island of Porto Santo in 1418 to 1419 and afterwards, the island of Madeira 1419 to 1420. He founded the city of Câmara de Lobos. He was granted, as hereditary leader (Capitania), half the island of Madeira (the Capitania of Funchal, being its first Captain). Together with his fellow fleet commanders, Tristão Vaz Teixeira and Bartolomeu Perestrelo, he started the colonization of the islands in 1425. In his role of knight of Prince Henry the Navigator's house he participated in the siege of Tangier, in 1437, which ended in failure.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Duarte Pacheco Pereira, called the Great, was a 15th century Portuguese sea captain, soldier, explorer and cartographer. He travelled particularly in the central Atlantic Ocean west of the Cape Verde islands, along the coast of West Africa and to India. His accomplishments in strategic warfare, exploration, mathematics and astronomy were of an exceptional level. Pacheco Pereira was the son of João Pacheco and Isabel Pereira. In his youth he served as the King of Portugal's personal squire. In he year of 1455, having graduated with honors, he was awarded a study fellowship from the monarch himself. Later on, in 1488 he explored the west coast of Africa. His expedition fell ill with fever and lost their ship. Pacheco Pereira was rescued from the island of Príncipe in the Gulf of Guinea by Bartolomeu Dias when Dias was returning from rounding the Cape of Good Hope for the first time. The knowledge he collected from Dias expedition as well as his own explorations granted him the post of official geographer of the Portuguese monarch.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Rafael Perestrello (fl. 1514 1517) was a Portuguese explorer and a cousin of Filipa Moniz Perestrello, the wife of the famed explorer Christopher Columbus. He is best known for having been the first to land on the southern shores of mainland China in 1516 and 1517 to trade in Guangzhou, after the Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares landed on Lintin Island within the Pearl River estuary in May of 1513. Rafael also served as a trader and naval ship captain for the Portuguese in Sumatra and Portuguese-conquered Malacca. João de Barros (1496 1570) wrote that Rafael Perestrello almost became lost while sailing by the Andaman Islands, but ventured safely through territory that was rumored to be inhabited by native cannibals.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Labrador is a region of Atlantic Canada. Together with the island of Newfoundland from which it is separated by the Strait of Belle Isle, it constitutes the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The region is part of the much larger Labrador Peninsula on the Canadian mainland. The area was known by the Norse as Markland. The population of Labrador is 26,364 (2006 census), including some 30 percent Aboriginal peoples, including Inuit, Innu, and Métis. Labrador s area (including associated small islands and inland water surfaces) is 294,330 square kilometres (113,640 sq mi). It has a land area of 269,073.3 square kilometres (103,889.8 sq mi), approximately the size of New Zealand. Its former capital was Battle Harbour. The name "Labrador" is one of the oldest names of European origin in Canada, almost as old as the name "Newfoundland". It is named after Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador who, together with Pêro de Barcelos, were the second party of European explorers (after the Vikings) to sight it in 1498.